Pulmonary Valve Disease

Pulmonary Valve Disease

What is pulmonary valve disease?

The pulmonary valve controls blood flow from the right ventricle to the pulmonary artery to allow deoxygenated blood to be oxygenated by the lungs. It can become narrowed (stenosis) or start to leak (regurgitation). The condition reduces the amount of blood which can leave the heart to be oxygenated. Pulmonary Valve Disease is often congenital (there from birth).

What are the symptoms of pulmonary valve disease?

If you have an ectopic beat you’ll feel a slight ‘hiccup’ in the rhythm of your heart, which in the majority of cases will return to normal. They usually occur during times of anxiety, stress or exercise, and can also be triggered by smoking, drinking alcohol, caffeine intake and in some cases eating certain foods. You may also feel faint or experience dizziness, or become aware of your heartbeat.

What assessment do I need if I have pulmonary valve disease?

The symptoms associated with pulmonary valve disease may include; fatigue, increased shortness of breath on effort, chest pain and loss of consciousness.

What are the treatments for pulmonary valve disease?

Treatment depends on the severity of the problem and will include medication to control the underlying cause or pulmonary valve repair or replacement. In mild cases, no treatment may be necessary, however regular checks will be required to monitor any change.